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Fine motor skills in children

Fine motor skills in children



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Fine motor skills work all activities related to hands, precision and coordination. In the infant stage, it is important to acquire skills in both eye-hand coordination and facial, phonetic and gestural motor skills. To achieve this, it is necessary to develop a test process and skills of experimentation and manipulation of objects.

All activities related to painting, puncture, clay work, ropes, constructions ... will be very useful to develop the coordination required by fine motor skills. It consists of putting manual dexterity in tune with visual capacity. On the one hand, manual coordination will lead the child to mastery of the hand, while his brain will guide him through the sense of sight. To achieve this manual dexterity you must master the hand, wrist, forearm, and arm. This skill requires prior training, which must be worked in larger spaces such as the floor or a blackboard, and with low precision elements such as the finger painting. Because the achievements are achieved gradually and within an evolutionary process, some activities such as painting, punching, threading, drawing, coloring, cutting and molding, can help the child to acquire skills in visual-manual coordination.

Learning to master the muscles of the face is essential for the child to express his emotions and feelings. Its learning and development takes place in two stages. The first is aimed at the voluntary control of the muscles of the face and the second, its identification as a means of expression to communicate your state of mind to the people around you. So little by little the child learns that a broad smile expresses happiness and that wide-open eyes express surprise, for example. When the child can master the muscles of the face so that they respond to his will, his communication possibilities are expanded and this allows him to accentuate some movements that will influence the way of relating and taking attitudes towards the world around him.

It is aimed at mastering the hands. Within the preschool stage, children learn that one hand helps the other to work when some precision is needed and that to have control over the hand, one must know how to use the fingers together and separately. When children turn 3 years old it is time to start trying, being aware that they only need a part of the hand. Around the age of 5, they may try to do more complex things that require a little more precision. However, it must be considered that the full level of mastery is achieved after 10 years.

You can help your child improve facial and gesture coordination with mimicry. It is about creating a short story because, for others to understand, can only use facial gestures and body expressionsas they should avoid touching the objects.

Marisol New. our site

You can read more articles similar to Fine motor skills in children, in the category of on-site psychomotor skills.


Video: Fine Motor Skills For Toddlers (August 2022).