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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. When he was 3 years old, his musical gifts were already observed by his father, composer, violinist, and teacher musical educator, Leopold Mozart, who decided educate him in the environment of music.
They say that at this time, the child prodigy was already inventing some little melodies with the harpsichord. Due to the high infant mortality in ancient Europe, Mozart and his sister Maria Anna, who was called Nannerl, were the only survivors of seven children. Nannerl also possessed musical gifts, and with her, little Wolfgang played duets.
At six years of age, Mozart was already an advanced keyboard player, and aeffective violinist. He also demonstrated an extraordinary ability to improvise and read sheet music. At this age, Mozart was already appearing on tours of the European courts, accompanied by his father and sister Nannerl, achieving great success. He started in Munich, then Vienna, Paris, London,…, which meant valuable experiences for Mozart.
His early compositions, including sonatas for piano and violin and symphonies, are still performed today by big orchestras and musicians in a general way. At 13 years of age, Mozart began his march through Italy where he was decorated by the Pope with the distinction of Knight of the Golden Spur. A year later, in Milan, the composer wrote his first great opera, Mitridate; with this work his reputation as a musician became even more evident.
In addition to music, Mozart took up other hobbies. One of them was the game of billiards. He also owned a horse, and birds. At age 15, Mozart returned to Salzburg where he composed his first string quartets, symphonies, bassoon concertos, apart from other operas. Six years later, he went to Munich with his mother, Anna Maria Pertl, he was looking for a better paid place in Europe but there he did not get it. He decided to go to Paris, where he premiered a new symphony and a ballet.
The death of his mother in the French capital, due to a heart attack, in 1778, made his life very difficult. In the following years, Mozart composed masses, other symphonies and an opera. At 25, Mozart decides to move to Vienna. There, he receives many commissions from the emperor, and marries Constanze Weber, sister of whom he had been his great love in youth, and against the will of his family. Of the six children she had with her, only two survived: Kart Thomas and Franz Xaver.
Their health problems made them live in precariousness during the rest of their lives, although they had students, concerts, compositions and presentations left over at the emperor's orders. Despite financial difficulties and health problems, Mozart continued to write scores for dozens of works and operas, among which we can highlight "The Marriage of Figaro", "Don Giovanni", "Requiem", and others. Mozart died on December 5, 1791, at the age of 35. He was buried in a common grave, without anyone attending his burial.
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