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The pelvic floor in pregnant women

The pelvic floor in pregnant women


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The pelvic floor is the set of muscles located at the base of the pelvis, arranged like a hammock, and which support the bladder, the large intestine and the uterus. It could be said that it is divided into an anterior area where the vagina and urethra meet, and in another posterior area where the anal opening is located.

As a set of muscles, these can also be exercised and it is vital to avoid dysfunctions that are so. The good anatomical condition of the pelvic floor prevents alterations such as prolapses, sexual dysfunctions and urinary incontinence.

During pregnancy, women, due to the relaxation of the urethral sphincter and the weight that the baby gains, may have urine leaks. Therefore, if the pelvic floor muscles are in good condition, these small leaks can be avoided. It is also important to know how to contract and relax it at will in order to have total control of the pushes during labor.

A good pelvic floor ensures a speedy recovery and decreased chances of stress incontinence. Last but not least, it is to have elastic muscles in the perineum to prevent tears during childbirth.

The pelvic floor, as a set of muscles, can contract and relax at will. Kegel exercises are the best known and used by women for their easy understanding and the possibility of being able to perform them at any time and anywhere with total discretion. It is important that we can control both contraction and relaxation, since hypertonised muscles are just as harmful as weak muscles.

In order to achieve an elastic musculature that gives itself during labor, it is essential to massage the area regularly to promote good irrigation of the area and thus increase its elasticity. It would be interesting if, as far as possible, the woman requests an assessment of her perineal state, to see what state she is starting from and better focus on the exercises or possible treatments for her care.>

After giving birth, as long as the baby has passed through the birth canal and was not delivered by caesarean section, the pelvic floor can be affected by the baby's passage, instrumentalization, episiotomy or tears. A prompt intervention of re-education and rehabilitation of the same, from the first days, shorten the recovery time of the pelvic floor.

If an episiotomy has been required or there was a tear, we must take good care of the scar so that keloids (tissue thickening) do not form, using special dressings, laser treatments or massages. Pelvic floor maintenance should not focus only on the pregnancy or postpartum period. The woman throughout her life must pamper and keep the area in good condition, as it will prevent possible complications in the future.

Marián Zamora Saborit
Pilates physiotherapist and technician
Psychomotor in Early Childhood Education
Contributor to our site
Marián Zamora's blog

You can read more articles similar to The pelvic floor in pregnant women, in the category of Care - beauty on site.


Video: Simple exercises and tips to prepare body for easy labor (May 2022).


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