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Values can be defined as the characteristics that people possess and that help them to function better in the environment in which they find themselves.
Therefore, children must learn to value behaviors and behaviors in order to feel good about themselves and others. Thus, they will be able to understand and act on the environment around them in a tolerant way and it will be more pleasant. But, How to educate children in values?
When children are born they are not "good" or "bad", the environment in which they find themselves is what guides them. Together with his personality and the values that are transmitted from his environment, he learns the difference between right and wrong.
Values are important at any stage in a child's life. It is important to educate children in them from an early age since they are very important in making decisions that affect both the individual and the people around them.
- Since they are born. Through small acts, children perceive what is right and what should not be done.
- From 3 years old. They are able to see in other children what they do wrong and what they do well. For example, "Juan is bad because he bites."
- From 5 years. Children tend to look to adults as the "right example." They try to be like them. In this way they will learn many values.
Values vary across cultures, families, or individuals. There are different types: family, sociocultural, personal, spiritual, material, ethical and moral values.
Focusing on the education of children we will put the focus on family values, since they will be the first that children will learn. Each family tries to instill those it considers most important so that the little one can develop in society and live in harmony with others.
These types of values have to do with the personal values of parents, and if they know how to transmit them with patience, love and delicacy, they can be a good basis on which to support, accept or reject other experiences, attitudes and behaviors with which children they will meet throughout their lives.
The acquisition of positive values depends on the child's personality, on feeling loved and safe, on the type of attachment to the adults around him and on the confidence that the child has in himself. Thus, the responsibility of transmitting these values to children belongs to the parents. Values are not taught independently of other things, or "giving the talk." It is done through practical example, through the day to day and the observation of children. To do so, we leave you some tips to educate children in values:
- Be guides. Parents have to point out the way to follow to children since when they are very young they are not clear about what is correct and what not to let themselves be carried away by emotions.
- Teach different values and their meaning. The most appropriate way to teach values is to tell them what they mean and give examples of them.
- Give support. Children need to trust adults. Thus, when you do not know how to react to a situation, confidently turn to adults for help.
- Put aside the screaming and threats to teach values.
- The teaching of values it must be continuous, so that they learn them on a daily basis.
- The tales and stories They are a good tool to clearly teach values through their characters.
- Lead by example. For example, teaching the child to be respectful and talking to him through threats and punishment will not be the right way to go.
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